What is Currency Trading?
Currency trading is the buying and selling of currencies from around the world. It is the largest and most active trade happening, making trillions of dollars daily. Unlike other trade like stock exchange, currency trading has no specific time of trading. It happens 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
In currency trading, there are currency pairs. A currency pair consists of two currencies, one of which is being bought and the other is the currency used to buy the other currency.
Take a look at this example: GBP/USD where GBP is the British Pound. The GBP is what we call the ‘base currency’ which has the initial value of 1. This is the currency being bought. Next is the USD or the US dollar. This is what we call the ‘quote-currency’ and has the value of how much one of the base currency is worth. For example: EUR/USD 1.2436, one Euro is worth 1.2436 US dollars. If you need 1000 Euro, you’d have to exchange it for 1243.6 US dollars. Other major currencies traded are Canadian dollar (CAD), Japanese Yen (JPY), Australian dollar (AUD, and the Swiss Franc (CHF).
In currency trading, a currency pair has a corresponding ‘bid’ and ‘ask’ price. The ‘bid’ price is how much the base currency is being sold by the currency broker while the ‘ask’ price is how much the currency is being bought by the trader. The bid price is usually lower than the ask price and this is where sales are made by the brokers. The difference between the ‘bid’ and ‘ask’ price is called the ‘spread’.
Changes in the Currency Values
Knowing how currency values changes is important in currency trading. In a nutshell, buy a currency when its value is low and sell it when its value is high. The changes in currency values depend on political and economic events. Foreigners going in a country triggers currency exchange as well as large purchases of commodity from one country to another. Also, we should not forget the influence of speculators in currency trading. They speculate on the increase or decrease of value of a currency therefore will make decisions in advance. It is important to be updated in these influences to the trade to be able to keep up with the fast-paced volatility of the currency trade.
Why Venture on the Currency Trade?
As mentioned, currency trading occurs 24 hours on a daily basis. Traders can decide when to trade their currencies. As changes could happen any time, the trader should always keep watch on the best time to trade. Currency trade does not need a big capital to start. Beginners can start with small amounts and eventually increase their trading resources. There is also no need to play on all currencies on the market. A novice can focus on two currencies at first while getting the hang of it and then expand later on for bigger profits.
Risks in Trading
Naturally, like all trading, there are risks. A trader should keep in mind that the risk in currency trade is high and wrong decisions could lead to losses. Playing safe is okay but the higher the risks, the higher the profit. Decisions are vital so it is best to ask advice from the expertise of brokers whenever necessary.